traditional city is the sublime,complex and popular materialization
of civility and
is the perfect synthesis between territory,culture and human communities.
is a stable and stimulating "Patria" for individuals
and families,for locals and foreigners,
residents and hosts,for industry,business,crafts,art,for communication
social,cultural,intellectual and commercial exchange and invention.
it has always remained a compelling artifact for imagination,for
thinking and for
.How many vedutas,paintings and engravings,photographies,descriptions,
and popular songs etc. do not celebrate the beauty,excellence and
the popular traditional city?Even smaller cities and towns have
visual and written records of their epic memory,their layout,their
streets,their skylines and panoramic views and of the transformations
a history of an organic urban identity...
large and small historic cities remain centers of cultural pilgrimage
for millions of contemporaries, who long for the enlightement and
sensuous and spiritual pleasures of the good city.Most of the most
historic cities support the most efficiently the activities and
modern life, whereas most of the most contemporary cities cannot
the basic components of their initial plug-ins!
all traditional cities and towns are built according to the same
principles of harmony
proportion,of scale and of measure,of organization and of structure,of
morphology etc., relating the mathésis of the urban artifact to
that of the universe.If
major ideologists of modernism and deconstructivism abusively use
their purposes,their axioms have now been criticized to be erronous
scientific understanding!Traditional architecture and city-building
for according far more profoundly with fractals and chaos and new
about man and the universe.
chaos is the study of hidden patterns in systems that are only
chaotic.There is no change in the fundamental aim of mathematics-
is to discover patterns-in going from Newtonian to chaotic models.Despite
the enormous possibilities of applying fractals to built forms in
buildings have only led to randomness."
Salingaros (in:"Architecture,Patterns and Mathematics)
has been scientifically investigated and thouroughly exposed in
the writings of
Salingaros and Cristopher
Alexander.Infact rather then
classical theory of imitation of nature based on the universal principles
and harmony of nature,the new scientifical knowledge has
antique intuitions into evidence.The regeneration of antique theory
sciences opens up spectacular perspectives on the sophisticated
traditional architecture and city-building,their highly ordered
with the human mind and body,their consistency with ecological issues.
are general laws and nature broods on these laws to create diversity.Harmony
the pattern and chaos gives the freedom."
of these traditional cities and towns are familiar and friendly
to us and we
the pleasure of "recognition" in foreign cities we have
never seen before!
there is no greater diversity and inventiveness then the one we
discover in the vast patrimonium of traditional cities...The rejection
of city-building ,the purily arbitrary experimentalism of modernism
of sprawl and suburb on the contrary have generated faceless and
alike through the world...Pretending to express our time they have
in expressing a monstruous failure of no-time and no-place!
cities are alike but all different.Modernist cities are each one
different, but they
all the same!"
we also know that the beautiful cities of the past have been agressed
again and again so many times.Had there been times where humanity
to war,illness,corruption,wickedness,barbary and destruction?The
there have been some, they have always been exceptional and short!
why should we expect architecture and city-building to express ugliness
and disorientation,homelessness and alienation?Why should architecture
rather then build a "patria",limit its role to celebrate
the conflicts and crisis of
time.Reducing architecture to compulsively mirror the state of society
apories is an absurd proposition in itself: There would not have
inspiring building nor any comfortable and attractive city
through the dramatic history of mankind!Architecture and city-building
never have developed into highly sophisticated arts!
traditional architecture and city-building have always been ideals
and beauty in a destabilized and disrupted world!Through centuries
and tragical history,the traditional city has always remained a
of urbanity,of civilization,of good life and of a possible utopia...
by natural calamities(earthquakes,floods,hurricanes,etc.) or human
transformations,etc.) the traditional cities have most of the time
been rebuilt on
same place ,and ,according to the same principles.Through the aspirations
the new cities were built on the ruins,footprints and memories of
then being archeologically the same ones,these rebuilt cities were
and perfected to adjust memory and modernity within the shared pattern
spectacular reconstructions of Lisbon after the terrible earthquake
in the XVIIIth, of
after the destructive eruption of the Vesuve in the XVIIIth,of London
Fire,of Varsovy after the 2nd World War, and of so many other cities
the world ,document the genius of self-regeneration and emulation
,as well as its essential capacity of critical adjustments and necessary
of our century's quick,dramatic and unprecedented changes and innovations,
traditional city has remained a good and desirable place to live.It
has proven to
perfectly compatible with modern life...It is both an experiencable
reality and a
project of contemporary civilization...
the paradigmatic Bologna,a prosperous and vital modern city where
of the traditional European and Mediteranean urban culture can still
today.This is so not because of backwardslooking nostalgy and lazy
policies,but because of deliberate cultural and political choices
in favour of
traditional city...In the late sixties the renowned japanese architect
a modern megapolis for millions of people,a masterplan which Bologna
after thourough considerations.
city decided to develop a future vision from the reasonable potential
properties of the historically grown traditional city.Under the
Pierluigi Cervellati a strategy of sensitive restoration,rehabilitation
based on tangible principles of typology, morphology,of functional
and social diversity etc. was set up and realized successfully.
Bologna is one of the most popular Italian cities,a booming place
industry,a renowned university city and art centre,a great place
for leisure and
for good food and good wine, for"calme et volupté", as
much as for the
and enlightement of the most sophisticated amenities of modern life!
years ago the demolition of the train station and the building of
pair of quite ridiculous skyscrapers( by Ricardo Bofill
) were successfully fought
by the citizen of Bologna and the vigorous public cruisade of Gabriele
supported by numerous professionals from Bologna,Italy and from
many places of the world.
"A Vision of Europe" dedicated to the revitalization and
promotion of contemporary
and city-building based on the intelligence of tradition and the
historical experience,has precisely set up its headquarters in Bologna,the
symbolical and emblematical example of a contemporary Urban Renaissance.
Tagliaventi ,its director, does not only benefit from the support
of HRH the Prince
Wales, but has been successfully rallying international support
around the popular
of "A vision of Europe"...
many contemporaries example do we know of successful city-building
in some way or another make their reference to tradition and historical
many ,really ,and hardly any successful one!New classical and trational
the other hand have the best records of successful achievments and
New Traditional Neighbourhoods " built by the growing number
of "New Urbanism"
and practitioners are not only popular and publically acclaimed,but
into an indispensable part of the Renaissance of American Urban
and towns."New Urbanism" has set up a considerable authority
and has a growing
in national and regional development policies.
enough the Universities prefer to ignore the new realities of the
in favour of uninhabitable speculations on Cyber-suburbia and outdated
Universities obstinately continue to educate architects an urbanists
elite, proud of their alien visions of place and time, and unprepared
to serve the
expectations of the citizen for beautiful,comfortable and well-built
Europe though not constituted in a strong organization like the
"Congress of New
in many countries there are notable projects and realizations of
building.Sympathetically enough these projects and buildings are
often related to a
inspiring vision of public housing,of economical and ecological
local identity and cultural traditions..The "Fondation Philippe
Rotthier" in Bruxelles,
vision of Europe" in Bologna, "Intbau" in London,"Byens
Fornyelse in Norway and
institutions and organizations are actively supporting the reality
of New Classical
Traditional Architecture and Urbanism.
Traditional City,as the accumulated sum of experience,of know-how,of
practice,of models and types,as a repertory of tangible patterns
and finally as one
the most genial inventions of mankind through history has proved
to be the best possible
of contemporary city-building!Now some pretend that it can't be
so and that
time has the duty to redesign from scratch...They prefer to fail
rather then to humbly
from the wisdom of whole preceeding generations,a wisdom to which
are challenged to contribute!Little can be said about this self-defeating
which in the end will never come up with anything of value to the
building of a
within the context of traditional city-building there is no way
of making traditional
an optional device...In order to achieve the highest level of integration,of
diversity ,etc., traditional architecture has to be the necessary
cannot be a satisfying compromise on the issue of good architecture.As
once stated, there is either architecture or there is the absence
in itself encompasses an unalienable condition of comfort,solidity
scale and proportions,of constructive and tectonic logics etc.There
argument for mediocrity in the definition of traditional architecture!
the modernist alternative, the "absence of architecture"
option or the "punishment
architecture" option, they all continue to pretend to be relevant
within the realm
architecture but do systematically reject any concept of durable
meaning and value!
as a self-referential system of "radical relativism"
has lost since long ago,any
connotation and the critical and poetical vigour of an avantguard.It
is not a rebellious
youthful upspring of cultural regeneration, but it is really a phillistine
in its reductive,arbitrary and quite sad paraphernalia of theory
and architecture are different scales of a same discipline..They
in deliberate conflict,in constitutional crisis,in ambiguous partnership,in
is a question of genetic integrity where forceful manipulations
alienating architecture is always offensive to its inhabitants,whatsoever
the quality of
urban design!New traditional urbanism cannot blindly trust any architectural
cannot develop its potential through the hidden agendas of art-
architecture is quite flexible and rich in its capacities of adjustment
only within the boundaries of durable principles of quality, comfort,
beauty and solidity,
within the respect of of tectonics, of scale, measure and detail
not interested in mere novelty and originality,but in an "eternal
newness developing from the
elements of the past"(J.W.von Goethe)
new and contemporary traditional architects and urbanists are not
looking for striking
and for competitive innovation.Their works are exciting and unique
and elegant integration into existing social and environmental and
is done without servility to the past and without blindness to the
acknowledges the contemporary with positive lucidity and proposes
new standards of
for a better world in a context of humanist and ecological criterias!
are not missionaries or prophets of some hypothetical modernity,nor
heroes of anachronic avantguards, but craftsmen and artists who
build places and buildings of durable qualities of beauty, utility,
allow the people of our time to live in comfort, security, harmony,
pleasure...If man " dwells as a poet "(Martin Heidegger)
the new traditional architects
urbanists can be said to design and build a world where poetry still