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KATARXIS N°2

Places of Worship

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Mont Saint-Michel, Normandy, France
 
(Photo: Tripod Image Gallery)

"Templum originally identified the part of the sky delimited by the Roman augurs, and in which they observed, either natural phenomenas or the passage of birds; later on it designated the place or the sacred structure from which this observation of the skies was operated.
 
Similarly, the Greek temenos, which originates from the same Indo-European radical 'tem' --(to cut, to delimit, to divide), signified the place which was reserved to the Gods, the sacred enclosure around a sanctuary."
 
 
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant
 
"Dictionnaire des Symboles"
 
(Editions Robert Laffont /Jupiter)
 
 

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Royal Palace and Cathedral, Prague
 
(Photo by Lucien Steil)

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Arcaded Entrance Court, Lower Basilica, Assisi
 
(Photo by Lucien Steil) 

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Duomo of Pisa, Campo Santo, Pisa
 
(Photo by Lucien Steil)

The Temple 

"The Temple is the reflection of the Divine world. Its architecture is the image of how men represent the Divine; the effervescence of life in the Hindu temple, measure in the temples of the Acropolis, wisdom and love in the Christian temples, the alliance of the Earth and the Sky in the Islamic mosques." 

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The Grand Mosque of Niono, Mali (1973)
 
Designer and Master Mason: Lassina Minta, Niono, Mali
 
(Photo by Kamram Adle)
 
The Aga Khan Award for Architecture

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The Great Mosque of Niono, Hypostyle Prayer Hall
 
Designer and Master Mason: Lassina Minta, Niono, Mali
 
(Photo by Kamram Adle)
 
The Aga Khan Award for Architecture

" They are like the terrestrial replicas of celestial archetypes and in the same time cosmic images. Cosmology and Theology are thus solidary in the minds of men, as much as they are in their works which they dedicate to the Gods."
 
 
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant
 
"Dictionnaire des Symboles" 

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Temple of Concord, Akagras, Sicily
 
(Photo by Lucien Steil)

"It is true that the Greek gods most realistically promise mankind nothing, but they will, and do, aid human beings who pursue their ways with spirit.
 
 Any modern man who says he does not know them does not know his own mind, because, if he has tried to deal with the reality of things as they are, the appropriate Greek gods have been there with him, cloaking him in their power:
 
Aphrodite in love, Apollo in clear reasoning, Dionysos in ecstatic possession, Zeus in justice, Athena in right action and divine effrontery, Ares, the big-kneed, in the loutish skills of war."
 
 
Vincent Scully
 
"Architecture: The Natural and the Manmade"
 
(St. Martin's Press, New-York)

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San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice (1566)
 
by Andrea Palladio (1508-1580)
 
(Photo by Mary Ann Sullivan)

"The temple is the dwelling of God on earth, the place of the Real Presence."
 
 
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant
 
"Dictionnaire des Symboles"
 

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La Madeleine Church, Paris (1764-1845)
 
by Constant d'Ivry (1698-1777), Guillaume Martin Couture (1732-1799), Barthelemy Vignon (1762-1828)
 
(Illustration from "Geschichte der Baukunst", Dr. D. Joseph)

"A synthesis of the macrocosmos, the temple is also an image of the microcosmos: it is in the same time the world and man. The body is the temple of the spirit, and reversedly the temple is the body of the Divine person."
 
 
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant
 
"Dictionnaire des Symboles"

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La Madeleine Church, Interior, Paris
 
by Jean-Jaques Marie Huvé (1783-1852)
 
(Illustration from "Geschichte der Baukunst", Dr. D. Joseph)

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New Synagogue in Berlin (1859-1866)
 
by Eduard Knoblauch (1801-1865) and Friedrich August Stüler (1800-1865)
 
(Illustration from "Die Geschichte der Architektur", Dr. D. Joseph)

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The New Synagogue of Berlin (1859-1866)
 
by Eduard Knoblauch and Friedrich August Stüler
 
(Illustration from "Geschichte der Architektur", Dr. D. Joseph) 

"Man's way to the temple is always a symbol of spiritual fulfillment"
 
 
Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant
 
"Dictionnaire des Symboles"
 
(Editions Robert Laffont /Jupiter)

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Stelmuze Church, Lithuania

Wooden Churches in Lithuania 

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Lithuanian Wooden Church Architecture
 
by Dr. Alge Jankeviciene

"Wooden sacred buildings are a significant part of Lithuanian national cultural heritage. There are 265 wooden churches, more than one hundred chapels and about 220 belfries in Lithuania."
 
Dr. Alge Jankeviciene

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Verpena Chapel, Lithuania

Stelmuze Church, Lithuania

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Sventezeris Church, Lithuania

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Viesai Chapel, Lithuania

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Gruzdziai Chapel, Lithuania

Lithuanian Wooden Churches

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Paluse Church, Lithuania